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By november 12, 2023november 18th, 2023No Comments

There’s a problem lurking in the shadows of archaeology photography. They are slowly being erased. Either by cutting them out in post production or by using multiple key lights, leaving artefacts looking flat and shapeless. We need those shadows as they give us a ton of information about the object. PHOTARCH is an easy method that keeps images looking cohesively the same – all whilst preserving the shadows.

PHOTARCH is a project by archaeologist and photographer, Daniel Lindskog. The project was awarded The FujiFilm Regional Grant Award and has been presented at the annual European Association of Archaeologists conference in Belfast.

PHOTARCH by Daniel Lindskog

The Question

Before an archaeological artefact is either put on display in a museum or, more likely, sent to storage to be archived  – a picture is taken. Often using different lighting set-ups, different camera gear and different methods of photographing, resulting in odd looking images. What if we did things differently?

An Answer

By adhering to a few key elements when taking the picture, using a method that can be easily replicable, at low cost, offering high quality; then a unified image could be achieved. Making a combined collection scientifically useful whilst being publicly accessible.

Principles being

• One key light

By using one key light and reflecting that light when necessary, we get a natural looking image.

• Same direction

By having the same angle on that key light we achieve a uniform shadow cast.

• White background

By having a white background we can assure it to be 100% the same over multiple images.


All information is hidden in the metadata of the image. Such as measurements, allowing the end user to present the artefact in scale, with a scale, or without a scale. Along with information such as material, place of finding and more, you’ll find it all in the metadata – all in accordance to the official record.

 (the metadata is currently under development. Please see the changelog below for updates and progress.)


All images within the project has been made using focus stacking. Nice for a complete depth of field but not necessary in all cases. What is necessary is using one and the same method consistently. It offers the ability to present ongoing multi year excavations in a cohesive look. The image from year one of the excavation will look the same as the image from year five. When combined the collection can be presented side by side or in scale to each other – making a complete collection of an excavation an aesthetically pleasing reality.

Side by side
Presented side by side
Same collection presented in scale to each other

Free to use

All images on PHOTARCH are free to use through CC BY 4.0, only attribution is required: name of museum + photographer. You’ll find both in the file name.







Participating Museums


Both physical and online workshops will take place in the first half of 2024. Follow on social not to miss when they are launched.

Changelog since launch

  • 13 November: is launched. All images are set free to the public to use in accordance to CC BY 4.0. The metadata of the images are still being updated. Please follow this changeling for updates.
  • 14 November: Measurements for all artefacts from Moeagaard Museum is updated.
  • *Currently working on getting the materials from Moesgaard defined in the metadata. Next up: measurement for the artefacts from Kalmar County Museum.



Project starts


Photographing starts


Post production ends


Presentation at EAA, Belfast


Presentation at FujiKina, Stockholm


Presentation at FujiFilm, Tokyo


Launch of
Presenting Photarch at FujiKina 2023 – Photo by Andrea Livieri
Presenting PHOTARCH at the European Association of Archaeologists in Belfast, 2023
Outside the FujiFilm building in Tokyo
Pointing to a photo of an artefact at the exhibition in Tokyo